Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

Six Strategies for Responsible AI Development

MeitY Secretary S. Krishnan Advocates Balanced, Vigilant Approach to AI Regulation
Six Strategies for Responsible AI Development
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At the Global IndiaAI Summit in New Delhi last week, S. Krishnan, secretary of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, MeitY, spoke about the promise and perils of AI. As AI technology evolves and gains acceptance across sectors, it presents opportunities for innovation and growth. But, without proper safeguards, AI can potentially amplify existing inequalities and introduce new risks to privacy and security, Krishnan said.

At the summit, Krishnan encouraged business leaders, policymakers and technologists to embrace a balanced approach to AI development - one that maximizes benefits while vigilantly mitigating risks.

He outlined six key strategies for harnessing AI responsibly:

  1. Acknowledge AI's risks and benefits: Comparing AI to past technological innovations such as nuclear technology, Krishnan said while nuclear advancements brought breakthroughs in energy and medical sectors, they also necessitated stringent safeguards to prevent misuse. This historical context sets the stage for understanding AI's dual potential.
  2. Prepare for shifts in job markets: Krishnan acknowledged widespread fears of new technology causing massive job losses. This fear is more pronounced in Western countries where a large proportion of jobs reside in the services sector. While AI will likely disrupt jobs in sectors that can be automated, this technology could benefit job markets in countries such as India. Due to India's educational infrastructure and vast pool of STEM graduates, the country has the potential to become a hub for AI development and application, leading to higher-paying jobs that could offset some displacement effects.
  3. Mitigate societal and personal harms: Krishnan spoke about the need to address societal and personal harms that could be inflicted using AI, including disinformation and breach of privacy. These issues are particularly alarming in democratic societies where misinformation can significantly affect electoral processes and public opinion. Mechanisms to promptly identify and counter fake information are crucial, given AI's potential to cause substantial damage, Krishnan said.
  4. Implement balanced regulatory approaches: Krishnan advocated learning from global approaches while formulating India-specific frameworks that complement existing laws. He spoke about the importance of examining successful regulatory models, such as the EU's stringent regulations and the more flexible frameworks in the U.S. and U.K. For India, he suggested a deliberate approach, examining what worked globally before formulating its own regulatory framework. He also referred to the role of existing laws in addressing issues such as misinformation and disinformation. The Digital Personal Data Protection Act serves as an example of upcoming regulations to manage AI-related data use.
  5. Use AI to mitigate its own risks: AI can address some of the concerns it creates. Krishnan said innovations such as watermarking and labeling AI-generated content could form a part of a techno-legal framework where technological solutions and legal regulations work in tandem to address AI-related challenges.
  6. Balance innovation with vigilance: Krishnan compared the transformative potential of AI to that of the industrial revolution. He underscored the need to maximize AI's benefits while minimizing risks through a balanced approach, ensuring that AI is used to drive growth and improve lives globally. By balancing innovation with vigilance and regulation, societies can harness AI's potential responsibly.

Implementing these strategies will help create a robust framework for AI development that prioritizes both innovation and responsibility. This approach aims to ensure that AI technologies benefit every segment of society while mitigating potential risks.

About the Author

Sandhya Michu

Sandhya Michu

Senior Assistant Editor - Editorial, ISMG

Michu is an experienced professional with over 10 years of expertise in the ICT industry. She has worked with leading media groups such as Cybermedia, 9.9 media and The Indian Express. Michu's focus areas include enterprise technology and government tech initiatives.

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