Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

OpenAI's GPT-4: Turbocharging Startup Innovation

OpenAI's Srinivas Narayanan on Cost Efficiency, Speed and Inclusivity in GPT-4
OpenAI's GPT-4: Turbocharging Startup Innovation
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The introduction of GPT-4, a substantially enhanced iteration of GPT-3 and GPT-3.5, is taking significant leaps in AI advancements. Srinivas Narayanan, vice president of OpenAI, discussed how the company is democratizing AI access for deep tech startups with GPT-4 that prioritizes cost, speed and inclusivity in sectors including agriculture, healthcare and education. This breakthrough has made AI tools more accessible, fostering inclusivity across India's diverse linguistic landscape.

See Also: Healthcare Edition: Trends in Generative AI Tool Adoption and Security Challenges

"We launched GPT expecting it to serve as a modest research preview. But over the past year and a half, we've seen AI being integrated into a myriad of new industries globally. AI has already injected dynamism and celerity into India's entrepreneurial ecosystem," Narayanan said at the recently concluded Global IndiaAI Summit.

The new version addresses many of the concerns received as feedback, especially regarding affordability. GPT-4 is six times more cost-effective, while also maintaining higher quality and operating at double the speed of its predecessors, he said. This has widened access to a broader audience.

"We now provide our premium models in our free tier, enabling a larger global audience to experience cutting-edge AI," Narayanan said. It also supports a wide range of functionalities, including text, audio, vision and image processing, generating amalgamations of these as outputs. This capability is crucial for applications that require more than text-based interactions, providing richer and more contextually aware responses. "The reduced costs of crafting new applications will engender numerous opportunities for innovation among different developers," he said.

Collaboration With Deep Tech Startups

India is home to over 3,600 startups in the deep tech space and ranks sixth in the global deep tech ecosystem, according to a recent Nasscom-Zinnov study. Of the 3,600 deep tech startups, over 480 new startups were established in 2023, twice more than in 2022, according to the same report.

OpenAI's collaboration with such deep tech startups is nurturing local innovation through co-developing solutions that address regional challenges in areas such as agricultural productivity and healthcare diagnostics. By providing access to advanced AI models and technical expertise, OpenAI is enabling these startups to develop solutions capable of scaling up globally.

India’s rapid progress in the generative AI field, which gained momentum after Microsoft-backed OpenAI released ChatGPT in November 2022, prompted dozens of local companies to launch their own versions of gen AI tools.

Agriculture: Digital Green's Farmer.Chat, built on GPT-4, offers timely advisories in multiple languages. The Farmer.Chat pilot significantly reduced hallucinations compared to previous models. Farmer.Chat uses retrieval augmented generation to integrate Digital Green's vast library of agricultural information with those of government partners. This includes training video transcripts, annotated call center logs and crop research factsheets.

Healthcare: Health-tech startup 10BedICU is developing three OpenAI-powered tools: CARE Scribe, CARE Device Connect and CARE Discharge Summary. Utilizing OpenAI's Whisper API and GPT-4, CARE Scribe transcribes and converts doctor-patient interactions into structured EMR entries. CARE Device Connect uses GPT-4 Vision to integrate data from older hospital monitor readings into the CARE platform using high-resolution cameras. CARE Discharge Summary automates patient record summaries, saving doctors and nurses over an hour of paperwork per patient. Piloted in 50 hospitals, it ensures seamless continuity of care for patients with extensive medical histories.

Education: Ed-tech startup Physics Wallah uses OpenAI to tailor exam preparation regimens. Using AI, Physics Wallah can offer personalized learning experiences that adapt to the needs and progress of individual students.

The enterprise adoption of gen AI in India is expected to accelerate as a price war is likely anticipated to further reduce the cost of large language model services for businesses.

AI Safety and Human Values

Narayanan discussed the importance of integrating AI safety and human values within ChatGPT. OpenAI's commitment to developing culturally sensitive AI models ensures that the technology can adapt to the diverse contexts in which it operates. This approach not only improves the relevance and accuracy of AI responses but also builds trust among users across regions.

Narayanan also discussed OpenAI's technologies such as GPT-4, ChatGPT's multimodal API integration and the synthesis of AI safety and human values within ChatGPT. By focusing on cost efficiency, speed and linguistic inclusivity, OpenAI has made significant strides in harnessing AI's potential for the Global South. Its collaborative efforts with local deep tech startups and focus on producing culturally sensitive AI models aim to create a future where AI benefits are distributed equally.

About the Author

Sandhya Michu

Sandhya Michu

Senior Assistant Editor - Editorial, ISMG

Michu is an experienced professional with over 10 years of expertise in the ICT industry. She has worked with leading media groups such as Cybermedia, 9.9 media and The Indian Express. Michu's focus areas include enterprise technology and government tech initiatives.

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