Blockchain-Powered Citizen Service - True Web 3.0 in Action

Shubham Gupta Shares How Etapalli Introduced Blockchain-Based Caste Certificates
Shubham Gupta, IAS officer, assistant collector, Etapalli, Maharashtra

India, one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, is on the cusp of transformation. However, the last decade saw major transformative disruptions. Due to the economic impact of COVID-19 and the dynamically changing aspirations of people, India needs to do a lot more to sustain a high rate of growth for the next three decades.

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As we celebrate "Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav" - 75 years of Indian Independence - the strategy for new India captures three key messages from Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

  • Development must become a mass movement in which every Indian recognizes their role and experiences the tangible benefits of a better life.
  • Development strategy should help achieve broad-based economic growth to ensure a balance across all regions, states and sectors. This implies embracing new technologies, fostering innovation, and up-skilling human resources.
  • The strategy, when implemented, should be able to bridge the gap in the performances and experiences delivered by the public and private sectors.

Efficient, transparent and accountable governance is the only assurance that can help India - a democratic nation with a federal structure - achieve its ambitious goals for 2022 and beyond. With fundamental shifts in thought processes and implementations, we'll be one of the two largest economies in the world by 2047 - the year when India celebrates the centenary of its independence.

Behind all this is the massive thrust on infrastructure development. A crucial part of that is "digital infrastructure" on which the success of India largely depends. In her 2022-23 budget speech, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman emphasized creating a digital India, announcing new technology-driven projects. We can say, India is on its way to becoming a nation driven by the most advanced technologies. The Indian government's IT spending is projected to go up to $8.3 billion in 2022, an increase of 8.6% from 2021, according to Gartner. Government organizations, both local and national, are projected to increase spending on all segments of IT in 2022. "The software segment is forecast to achieve the highest growth of 24.7% in 2022 as the adoption of citizen service delivery applications with the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning will improve across citizen initiatives," the report says.

Blockchain is one of the most promising technologies. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) recently released a strategy document "National Strategy on Blockchain." The document details how the government is keen on creating trusted digital platforms through shared blockchain infrastructure; promoting research and development, innovation, technology, and application development; and facilitating state-of-the-art, transparent, secure, and trusted digital service delivery to citizens and businesses, thus paving the way for India to be a global leader in blockchain technology.

The mission of the government is to help evolve a vigilant and trusted collaborative digital ecosystem to provide a consensus-based, tamper-evident, transparent and open framework for offering e-Governance services to citizens and businesses involving multiple organizations in a participating environment, assuring trust, security, track and trace, integrity, and regulatory compliance.

An ambitious and futuristic project, which exemplifies the vision of a 'Digital India' is currently being implemented at Etapalli, a subdivision of Gadchiroli district in the state of Maharashtra. Etapalli has set a global precedent by launching a blockchain-based caste certificate facility. This is one of the unique Web 3.0 adoptions for on-chain e-Governance. The certificates are issued using LegitDoc - a polygon public blockchain-based platform, which makes these certificates instantaneously verifiable.

Shubham Gupta, IAS Officer (2019 Batch), is currently posted as assistant collector, Etapalli, and is the project head of Integrated Tribal Development Project, Bhamragad.

This article was previously published on the DynamicCIO website on April 8, 2022.

About the Author

Rahul Neel Mani

Rahul Neel Mani

Founding Director of Grey Head Media and Vice President of Community Engagement and Editorial, ISMG

Neel Mani is responsible for building and nurturing communities in both technology and security domains for various ISMG brands. He has more than 25 years of experience in B2B technology and telecom journalism and has worked in various leadership editorial roles in the past, including incubating and successfully running Grey Head Media for 11 years. Prior to starting Grey Head Media, he worked with 9.9 Media, IDG India and Indian Express.

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